Excess breast tissue in males is known medically as gynecomastia. The condition is harmless, and normally goes away without any assistance, but there are times when it persists, and treatment is required. Gynecomastia generally occurs during puberty when the hormones rage, but it is not uncommon for older men to also have enlarged breasts.
Gynecomastia is caused by the natural hormone changes that occur during puberty. Testosterone and estrogen are the hormones that control the male and female characteristics. Testosterone is responsible for the development of male traits such as muscle mass, while estrogen is responsible for female traits.
When the levels of male estrogen are too high, it creates an imbalance with the testosterone in the body, and this can lead to the development of gynecomastia. Medical conditions such as kidney failure and liver disease can also create hormonal imbalance, and in turn trigger the growth of male breast tissue.
Enlarged male breasts can also occur as a side effect of some types of medication especially steroids, antibiotics, and anti-depressants.
Excess breast tissue is most often removed via excision i.e. cut away with a scalpel. The operation is normally done on an outpatient basis under general anesthesia. The incision for the procedure is made around of the edge of the nipple or areola, and the over-developed breast tissue is removed.
However, if the enlarged breasts consist of mainly soft, fatty tissue, liposuction is performed to suction it out. There are also instances in which both procedures may be required.
If you’d like to learn more about the causes of excess breast tissue in men, as well as the treatment options available, contact Song Plastic Surgery in Irvine, CA. You can call (949) 701-4454, to schedule an appointment with board certified plastic surgeon Dr. Kyle Song.